Malaria is a mosquito-borne disease the result of a parasite. Malaria symptoms include fever and flu-like illness, including shaking chills, headache, muscle aches, and tiredness. Nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea may also occur. Malaria may cause anemia and jaundice (yellow coloring of the skin and eyes) due to the loss of red blood cells. Infection with one type of malaria, Plasmodium falciparum, if not promptly treated, may cause kidney failure, seizures, mental confusion, coma, and death.
Each year 350 to 500 million cases of malaria occur world-wide, as well as over a million people die, many of them young kids.
The Anopheles Malaria Mosquito. Where malaria disease can be found depends mainly on climatic factors like temperature, humidity, and rainfall. The main areas where malaria disease can be found are; Africa, Madagascar, India and Latin America. Malaria is transmitted in tropical and subtropical areas, where the host mosquito, in the genus Anopheles, will be able to survive and multiply. There are approximately 430 Anopheles mosquito species, only 30 to 40 of which transmit the malaria parasite.
Only in places that the malaria parasites can complete its growth cycle in the mosquitoes can humans be infected. You can find four species of malaria parasite that can infect humans these are; Plasmodium falciparum, P. vivax, P. ovale, and P. malariae. The time necessary for progression of the parasite inside the mosquito (the extrinsic incubation period) ranges from 10 to 21 days, depending on the parasite species and also the temperature.
Spider poison a scientific breakthrough to battle malaria – Scientists from your University of Maryland have tested a drug from spider poison, a scientific breakthrough that could end the international combat malaria.
Scientists have even reached the spider’s poison that may kill malaria-carrying mosquitoes, when fungi enter in to connection with insect blood, in a scientific step that may fight other mosquito-borne diseases, such hlomqc dengue fever and zika.
Scientists think that utilizing the same technology some day can fight a number of other mosquito-borne diseases, like zika and dengue fever.
By utilizing fungus together with traditional insecticides, scientists believe they are able to prevent mosquitoes from developing resistance. The same technology can be utilized once to fight other mosquito-borne diseases, like zika and dengue fever.